History of the Jindo

By Kristen Edmonds

The Korean Jindo is a rare, primitive breed originating from the Jindo Island in Korea. Jindo Gae literally means “Dog of Jindo Island”. Isolated from the rest of the world for thousands of years, the Jindo was not commonly found in Korea until the 1970’s when a bridge was finally built connecting Jindo Island to the mainland. The Jindo is protected under Korean Law as the 53rd National Monument. Exporting Jindos out of Korea is prohibited. However, in the 1980’s Korean-Americans started bringing Jindos to the U.S. despite the ban. In 1998, the Jindo was accepted into the United Kennel Club. In January of 2008, the Jindo was accepted into the American Kennel Club’s Foundation Stock Services Program.

Jindos began to be seen in the Los Angeles area in the mid 1990’s. Since then, Jindos seem to be more common in Korean-American communities in the U.S. The Jindo is a rare breed and revered in Korea, yet there are hundreds, if not thousands dying in animal shelters across the United States every year. Currently, Southern California is the most common area to find Jindos in shelters. Jindos also appear with regularity in shelters in Northern California. Jindos are now appearing in shelters in Oregon, Washington, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Georgia, North Carolina, Texas and Ontario, Canada. It won’t be long before this treasured breed is unnecessarily being killed in shelters throughout the U.S.

The Jindo is a magnificent breed, but is not for everyone. Dog experience and knowledge is strongly recommended for anyone considering owing a Jindo. Rescuers believe that the main reason for so many unwanted Jindos is that people are unknowingly breeding Jindos indiscriminately. It is very common for people to breed Jindos for profit and sell them to anyone who can pay for the dog. In the Korean culture it is also common to breed dogs and give the puppies away as gifts. While this is a gesture of good will, the recipient of the dog may not always want the dog but they don’t want to refuse the gift. Sadly, many Jindos given as gifts end up living a life confined to the back yard with little human interaction, shelter, food and water.